Childhood Trauma: Protective Factors
Similar to risk factors, protective factors are cumulative; the more they are present, the more likely it is that students can adapt successfully to trauma. 5 Thus, in the case of Sandra, it is important to evaluate and reinforce her psychological, physical, and social resources. For example, consider how well Sandra has coped with adverse situations in the past. Has she achieved a sense of competence and mastery at home and at school? Has she developed a stable sense of self? Despite some of the obstacles commonly experienced by a 13-year-old, does she have a worldview characterized by hope and optimism about her future? Does she have physical resources such as good health and intelligence? Does she have a solid family and social support network that will encourage and enable her to draw upon her strengths? These are all vital influences that can mitigate the negative impact of risk factors. Their positive or negative contribution will influence Sandra's ability to cope with and recover from trauma.
|previous | next|