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Subjects: Public Health

Faculty Interview
Earth Institute's Scientific Agenda on Sustainable DevelopmentOffice of Public AffairsColumbia's State of the Planet 2002 conference, held May 13-14, preceded the August global sustainability conference in Johannesburg, South Africa. Along with describing the road to Johannesburg, Jeffrey Sachs, incoming director of The Earth Institute, says the Institute's scientific agenda is central to the world's agenda on sustainable development.
Professor Daniel Schechter: Effect of Human Bonds on Trauma
Office of Public AffairsTerrorism has a way of creating a mental health pathogen, and human bonds, relationships, can make people resilient or vulnerable, says Daniel Schechter, assistant professor of clinical psychiatry. The book "September 11: Trauma and Human Bonds," which Schechter co-edited with Columbia professors Susan Coates and Jane Rosenthal, reports that human bonds can buffer the effects of trauma or serve as a vehicle for transmission of trauma.
Professor David Rothman: Extraordinary Demand for Organs Has Led to Worldwide TraffickingOffice of Public AffairsBecause of the shortage of organs, particularly kidneys, patients are traveling to India, China, and Eastern Europe to purchase organs, says David Rothman, Bernard Schoenberg Professor of Social Medicine and director of the Center for the Study of Society and Medicine. While some economists and bioethicists defend the practice as a way for poor people to escape poverty, Rothman observes that the sellers are no better off, and often worse off, after the sale.
Professor Domonick Wegesin: Estrogen's Effect on Cognitive FunctionOffice of Public AffairsYoung women tend to perform better than older, non-hormone users on source memory tests. In a recent study, estrogen users outperformed similarly aged non-users on source memory tasks, says Domonick Wegesin, assistant professor of neurology. In addition, young women and estrogen users performed more consistently.
Professor Kristine Gebbie: Is Our Public Health System Equipped to Handle a Disaster?Office of Public AffairsThe September 11 attacks and subsequent anthrax outbreaks reveal flaws in our public health system, according to Kristine Gebbie, Columbia's Standish Gill Associate Professor of Nursing and director of the Center for Health Preparedness.
Professor Marianne Legato: Health Differences between Women and MenOffice of Public AffairsMarianne Legato of Columbia's Partnership for Gender Specific Medicine and author of Eve's Rib: The New Science of Gender-Specific Medicine and How it Can Save Your Life explores some of the health issues unique to women and men. She also discusses the growing movement to integrate medical research and the movement's implications for disease prevention and treatment.
Professor Mehmet Oz: Mechanical Hearts Are the Wave of the FutureOffice of Public AffairsIn this webcast, Associate Professor of Surgery Mehmet Oz argues that although surgeons can transplant organs, it will eventually be easier, more efficient, and better for the patient to use mechanical replacement organs.
Professor Mindy Fullilove Offers Helpful Ways to Remember September 11Office of Public AffairsSchool of Public Health and cofounder of NYC Recovers, Professor Mindy Fillilove offers a variety of helpful ways to remember September 11, including making September a month for wellness.
Professor Nabila El-Bassel: HIV Prevention Research Must Move Beyond the IndividualOffice of Public AffairsSocial Work Professor Nabila El-Bassel says HIV prevention research must move beyond the individual and focus on couples, families, and communities. El-Bassel attended the 14th annual International AIDS Conference, held this summer in Barcelona.
Professor Regina Santella: The Risks of Exposure to the Air at Ground ZeroOffice of Public AffairsRegina Santella, professor of Environmental Health Sciences at the Mailman School, together with the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, are looking at the quality of air breathed by workers who are exposed daily to the dust, smoke, diesel exhaust, and fumes at Ground Zero.
Professor Stephen Morse: Public Health Implications of Anthrax Threat and BioterrorismOffice of Public AffairsStephen Morse discusses the public health implications of the anthrax threat and bioterorrism. The Center for Public Health Preparedness has been working in partnership with the New York City Department of Health to develop and test curricula for public health practice, using "emergency preparedness" as a framework. The Center recently completed a basic emergency preparedness training with over 800 NYC Department of Health nurses.
Professor Steven Schinke: Teenage Pregnancy's Long-term and Inter-generational EffectsOffice of Public AffairsSocial work professor Steven Schinke says that teenage pregnancy overshadows teenage smoking and drinking as adolescent problems because of its long-term impact and effect on future generations.
Professor Suzanne Bakken: Changing Patient BehaviorOffice of Public AffairsResearch has shown that a patients are more likely to change their behavior when the information that they receive during a medical intervention is particularized to their situation, said Suzanne Bakken, Professor of Nursing and Medical Informatics at Columbia's School of Nursing. Bakken is the director of the Center for Evidence-Based Practice, an exploratory research center funded by the National Institutes of Health to help under-served populations. It has a special focus on pre-schoolers, HIV patients, and Latinos.
Professsor Elaine Larson: Improvements in Handwashing Procedures Could Reduce Hospital Infection RatesOffice of Public AffairsElaine Larson, Professor of Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Research at Columbia's School of Nursing, recommends that instead of using soap and water to wash hands, we should use waterless alcohol-based products.

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