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Subjects: Medicine

Faculty Interview
Professor David Rothman: Extraordinary Demand for Organs Has Led to Worldwide TraffickingOffice of Public AffairsBecause of the shortage of organs, particularly kidneys, patients are traveling to India, China, and Eastern Europe to purchase organs, says David Rothman, Bernard Schoenberg Professor of Social Medicine and director of the Center for the Study of Society and Medicine. While some economists and bioethicists defend the practice as a way for poor people to escape poverty, Rothman observes that the sellers are no better off, and often worse off, after the sale.
Professor Domonick Wegesin: Estrogen's Effect on Cognitive FunctionOffice of Public AffairsYoung women tend to perform better than older, non-hormone users on source memory tests. In a recent study, estrogen users outperformed similarly aged non-users on source memory tasks, says Domonick Wegesin, assistant professor of neurology. In addition, young women and estrogen users performed more consistently.
Professor Ellen Costello: Physical Therapists Can Stem MSOffice of Public AffairsMultiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurodegenerative disease that affects people ages 15 to 50, says Ellen Costello, assistant professor of clinical physical therapy. Symptoms include muscle weakness and coordination, and balance and sensory difficulties. For those suffering from MS, Costello recommends consulting a physical therapist who can suggest exercises to ward off deterioration and update the exercise program if symptoms increase. This interview is supplemented by excellent illustrations.
Professor Marianne Legato: Health Differences between Women and MenOffice of Public AffairsMarianne Legato of Columbia's Partnership for Gender Specific Medicine and author of Eve's Rib: The New Science of Gender-Specific Medicine and How it Can Save Your Life explores some of the health issues unique to women and men. She also discusses the growing movement to integrate medical research and the movement's implications for disease prevention and treatment.
Professor Mehmet Oz: Mechanical Hearts Are the Wave of the FutureOffice of Public AffairsIn this webcast, Associate Professor of Surgery Mehmet Oz argues that although surgeons can transplant organs, it will eventually be easier, more efficient, and better for the patient to use mechanical replacement organs.
Professor Roberto Gil: Schizophrenia and RecoveryOffice of Public AffairsRoberto Gil, assistant clinical professor of psychiatry and head of the Schizophrenic Research Unit at the New York State Psychiatric Institute, talks about mathematician John Nash's unique case, the common symptoms associated with schizophrenia and what family members can do to help. "It's a beautiful outcome but not a typical outcome," says Gil.
Professor Suzanne Bakken: Changing Patient BehaviorOffice of Public AffairsResearch has shown that a patients are more likely to change their behavior when the information that they receive during a medical intervention is particularized to their situation, said Suzanne Bakken, Professor of Nursing and Medical Informatics at Columbia's School of Nursing. Bakken is the director of the Center for Evidence-Based Practice, an exploratory research center funded by the National Institutes of Health to help under-served populations. It has a special focus on pre-schoolers, HIV patients, and Latinos.
Professsor Elaine Larson: Improvements in Handwashing Procedures Could Reduce Hospital Infection RatesOffice of Public AffairsElaine Larson, Professor of Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Research at Columbia's School of Nursing, recommends that instead of using soap and water to wash hands, we should use waterless alcohol-based products.

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