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Columbia University Digital Knowledge Ventures The Architecture and Development of New York City with Andrew S. Dolkart
Media Index: The Birth of the Skyscraper
Section Title & Media
Introduction Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  Flatiron Building from 33rd Street, New York City (2003). Vincent Aliberto, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Lower Manhattan (c.1910).
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Detroit Publishing Company Photograph Collection
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The First Elevator Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The New York City skyline as seen from the Hudson River (1908).
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
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  An illustration of the Equitable Building at Broadway and Cedar Street. Richardson, illustrator. In William Leete Stone, History of New York City from the Discovery to the Present Day (New York: Virtue and Yorston, 1872).
Columbia University Libraries
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The First Elevator: Critical Acclaim Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  Elevators to the Observation Gallery, Woolworth Building in The Catherdral of Commerce: The Highest Building in the World, (1916)
Andrew Dolkart Collection
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The First Elevator: Height Sells Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Tribune Building in A History of Real Estate, Building, and Architecture in New York City During the Last Quarter of a Century (New York: Record and Guide, c. 1898), 556.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
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  A detail from the Tribune Building in A History of Real Estate, Building, and Architecture in New York City During the Last Quarter of a Century (New York: Record and Guide, c. 1898).
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
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  Newspaper Row, New York City. Detroit Photographic Co. (1900).
Courtesy the Newseum
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Why Skyscrapers? Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Tribune Building, New York City, in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper (May 1, 1875).

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Why Skyscrapers?: Early Styles Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Tribune Building, New York City, in Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper (May 1, 1875).
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  The Potter Building, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A front view of the Potter Building, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Potter Building, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Lincoln Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A detail of the Lincoln Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Ornamentation around the windows of the Lincoln Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Lincoln Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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Why Skyscrapers?: The Corbin Building Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Corbin Building, in A History of Real Estate, Building, and Architecture in New York City during the Last Quarter of a Century (New York: Record and Guide, c. 1898) 523.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
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  The Montauk Club, Brooklyn, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Ornamental terra-cotta on the Montauk Club, Brooklyn, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Corbin Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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Steel Skeletons Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Tower Building in A History of Real Estate, Building, and Architecture in New York City During the Last Quarter of a Century (New York: Record and Guide, c. 1898), 468.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
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  The Woodbridge Building in Process of Construction. in The Architectural Record 7.2 (October-December 1897): 228.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
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Steel Skeletons: Changing Values Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Bowling Green Offices, New York City. Andrew Dolkart, photographer.
© Andrew Dolkart
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  The entrance to the Bowling Green Offices, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A detail of the entrance to the Bowling Green Offices, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Municipal Building, as seen from City Hall Park, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Municipal Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Civic Fame sculpture by Adolph A. Weinman, which adorns the top of the Municipal Building, New York City (2003).
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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Romantic Symbols Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Flatiron Building, New York City (2003). Vincent Aliberto, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Flat Iron Building, Evening 1912, New York City. Alvin Langdon Coburn, photographer
Courtesy George Eastman House
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  Footage from At the foot of the Flatiron, American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, producer. (1903)
Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division
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  The postcard, A flat iron is a good thing for doing up skirts, New York City (c. 1912).
Andrew Dolkart Collection
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  A Medusa head, Flatiron Building, New York City (2003). Vincent Aliberto, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A scene with a policeman at the Flatiron Building, New York City, in At the Foot of the Flatiron, American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, producer (1903).
Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division
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  A woman whose skirt is being lifted by the wind in At the Foot of the Flatiron, American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, producer (1903).
Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting, and Recorded Sound Division
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Romantic Symbols: The West Street Building Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The West Street Building. Wurts Brothers, photographer, in Architecture 16.3, September 15, 1907, plate LXXV.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
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  A detail from the West Street Building, New York City. Wurts Bros., photographer, in Architecture 15.5, May 15, 1907, plate XL.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
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  Detail from panoramic photograph New York City skyline from Hudson River (c.1908). Irving Underhill, photographer.
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
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  Footage from Skyscrapers of New York City, from the North River, Thomas A. Edison, Inc., producer. (1903)
Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Paper Print Collection
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  The West Street Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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Romantic Symbols: Sullivan in New York Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Bayard-Condict Building, New York City. Andrew Dolkart, photographer.
© Andrew Dolkart
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  The entrance to the Bayard-Condict Building, New York City. Andrew Dolkart, photographer.
© Andrew Dolkart
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  The Bayard-Condict Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The top of the Bayard-Condict Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A detail of the Bayard-Condict Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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Romantic Symbols: Building for Height Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Park Row Building, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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Romantic Symbols: The World's Tallest buildings Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  Illustration of the Singer Building in C. Souhami's New York Illustrated (New York: Success Postal Card Co., 1913).
Andrew Dolkart Collection
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  The Metropolitan Life Insurance Company's tower at 1 Madison Avenue, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Metropolitan Life Insurance Company's tower at 1 Madison Avenue, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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Romantic Symbols: The Woolworth Building Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Woolworth Building, New York City. Andrew Dolkart, photographer.
© Andrew Dolkart
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  A detail of the entrance to the Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The midsection of the Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A panoramic photograph of New York City's skyline as seen from the Hudson River (c. 1911). Irving Underhill, photographer. Some buildings are hand drawn in this image.
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division
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Romantic Symbols: The Woolworth Lobby Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  Labor by Paul Jenewein, a mural in the lobby of the Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A ceiling mosaic from the lobby of the Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Tiffany glass ceiling in the lobby of the Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A detail of the ceiling of the Woolworth Building lobby, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A caricature of Frank W. Woolworth, by Tom Johnson. Interior architectural detail, Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Caricature of Woolworth Building architect Cass Gilbert by Tom Johnson. Interior architectural detail, Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Detail on mailbox, lobby of the Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Lobby of the Woolworth Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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The Future of the City Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  "King's Dream of New York," Harry M. Pettit, illustrator. In King's Views of New York (New York: Moses King, 1908), frontispiece.
Courtesy the Brooklyn Historical Society
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The Future of the City: The Regulation Debate Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The U.S. Realty Building, New York City (2003).Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Trinity and U.S. Realty Buildings, New York City (c. 1908). G. P. Hall & Son, photographers in C. Souhami's New York Illustrated (New York: Success Postal Card Co.), 1913
Andrew Dolkart Collection
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  The Trinity Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Future of Trinity Church, an illustration by Arbert Levering in Puck's Monthly Magazine and Almanac (New York: Keppler and Schwarzmann), March 6, 1907.
General Research Division, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundations
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  Detail from Future of Trinity Church. Illustration by Arbert Levering. In Puck's Monthly Magazine and Almanac (New York: Keppler and Schwarzmann), March 6, 1907.
General Research Division, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundations
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The Future of the City: The Bulkiest Skyscraper in New York Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Equitable Life Assurance Company Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Equitable Life Assurance Company Building, New York City. Photograph in Valentine's Manual of Old New York, ed. Henry Collins Brown, no. 5, n.s. (New York: Valentine's Manual, 1921).
Columbia University Libraries
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The Future of the City: Social Indicators Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Equitable Life Assurance Company Building, New York City (2003). .
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A detail from the Equitable Life Assurance Company's building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Equitable Life Assurance Company Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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The Future of the City: Non-Skyscrapers Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  J. P. Morgan and Company, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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The Future of the City: Banks Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  A close-up of the top of the Bowery Savings Bank, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A close-up of the pediment of the Bowery Savings Bank, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The stained-glass ceiling of the Bowery Savings Bank, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The interior of the Bowery Savings Bank, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Apple Bank, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Apple Bank, on Seventy-third Street and Broadway, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Apple Bank, New York City (2002). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New Yor
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  Ironwork donkey heads on the exterior of the Apple Bank, New York City (2002). Alexis Lloyd, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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The First U.S. Zoning Law Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Nelson Tower, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The Western Union Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The garment district, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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The First U.S. Zoning Law: The Heckscher Building Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Heckscher Building, New York City. (c.1920)
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University, Warren and Wetmore Collection
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  A detail of the top of the Hecksher Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Statues on the Heckscher Building (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A detail of the Heckscher Building (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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The First U.S. Zoning Law: Experimenting Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  "Second Prize—The Chicago Tribune Competition. Eliel Saarinen, Helsingfors, Finland." The Architectural Record (February 1923), 154.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library
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  A detail from "Second Prize—The Chicago Tribune Competition. Eliel Saarinen, Helsingfors, Finland." The Architectural Record (February 1923), 154.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library
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  A detail from "Second Prize—The Chicago Tribune Competition. Eliel Saarinen, Helsingfors, Finland." The Architectural Record (February 1923), 154.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library
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  A detail from "Second Prize—The Chicago Tribune Competition. Eliel Saarinen, Helsingfors, Finland." The Architectural Record, February 1923, 154.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library
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  The Shelton Hotel, New York City, in Architectural Record, 58.1, July 1925, 2.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library
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  A view of the Shelton Hotel, New York City. The Architectural Record, 58.1 (July 1925) 2. "Second Prize—The Chicago Tribune Competition. Eliel Saarinen, Helsingfors, Finland." The Architectural Record, February 1923, 154.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library
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  The Shelton Hotel, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
©2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Shelton Hotel, New York, No. 1, 1926, Georgia O'Keeffe.
Curtis Galleries, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Image appears in video.

The First U.S. Zoning Law: The Barclay-Vesey Building Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The Barclay-Vesey Building, New York City, in The Architect (March 1927), 709.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
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  A detail of the crown of the Barclay-Vesey Building, New York City, in The Architect (March 1927), 711.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
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  The entrance portal to the Barclay-Vesey Building,New York City, in The Architect (March 1927), 715.
Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University
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  Entrance to Barclay-Vesey Building, New York City (c.1990). Andrew Dolkart, photographer.
©Andrew Dolkart
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The First U.S. Zoning Law: The Pyramid Look Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
  The entranceway to the Fred French Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer. .
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  The revolving door at the Fred French Building, New York City (2003).
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Fred French Building setbacks, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
Copyright 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  An Assyrian-style ornamental relief on the Fred French Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Allegorical spandrel figure, representing industry on the Fred French Building, New York City. Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
Copyright 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  Allegorical spandrel figure, representing architecture, on the Fred French Buiding, New York City, (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
Copyright 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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  A ceiling mural and chandelier in the Fred French Building, New York City (2003). Carlos Zambrano, photographer.
© 2003 by the Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
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Conclusion Play Video Read TranscriptRead Transcript
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